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Facades are a form of external finishing that gives architectural expressiveness to a structure and ornamentation and protection from the elements. Facades must be cladding to provide thermal, water, and sound insulation. A properly tiled façade is best at thermal insulation; it should also offer acoustic and water-vapour insulation.
Occupants' thermal sensation and health depend directly on the building envelope: indoor environment and its thermal conditions. Therefore, energy-efficient facades can contribute considerably to reducing a building's energy needs and increasing its comfort level and extending the lifespan of materials used in them. Energy saving is achieved by limiting solar radiation by photoselective properties of the façade's cladding.
The best material must be selected first. All materials may be classified as either ventilated facades - cladding systems with a gap between the facade layer and the main wall that allows moisture to escape - or non-ventilated (sometimes known as wet) - multi-layer facades that include insulation, reinforcing mesh, primer with plaster, and facing tiles.
Facades must be cladding - a set of works on cladding buildings with a specific combination of materials - to provide thermal insulation, water, and sound insulation. Thermal insulation prevents heat loss or gains through the building envelope
Features of facing work:
- thermal insulation;
- water protection, sound and acoustic insulation;
- efficient regulation of light and solar radiation;
- improved safety level.
Facades should be decorated while protecting the structure from weather-related damage, such as rain and sun exposure. Therefore, one of the essential activities facing work is to create a remedy.
Facade claddings are generally done using dry or wet methods regardless of the type of material used. Dry facades are those that are fastened with screws. They, for example, attach the lining, vinyl or glass panels, and a board to the previous model. Wet facades are constructed by mixing building materials. The front stone, facing brick or concrete, is added with the help of adhesives to another element, for example, a wooden frame structure.
Specialist facade contractor
A specialist facade contractor is a company that carries out all kinds of facade works. This includes designing and creating various elements, such as building materials or scaffolding, construction works on facades and roofs, renovation and finishing work.
Facade contractor performs work by technical requirements using modern machinery. In addition to construction companies, it is also selected by factory owners.
Today, due to the wide range of facade materials and many different types of installations and building forms, it is necessary to have a lot of knowledge about all sorts of buildings and facades. The contractor works with all kinds of companies involved in construction work: general contractors, investors, architects and suppliers. Working with the best builders in the city, Geolance.com performs every type of facade works.
Facade work can be done by various specialization companies - facade construction, installation, roofing and scaffolding. Facades are usually made of bricks, concrete, panels (elements), glass or other materials for decoration and coating facades to protect them from weather effects.
Roofing and scaffolding companies install, repair and paint roofs and facades. Specialized companies apply rough coats of plaster when finishing the walls. Finishing work is done by facade painting or decoration workers, who add panels or bricks or adhesives to protective mesh to protect against weather elements. Facade contractors carry out all construction, installation and finishing work on facades. They are responsible for determining the type of material to be used by considering the project, location, potential costs and other factors. Facade companies specialize in certain types of materials or performing specific work procedures.
A facade system is a system of elements that form the facade. Materials can be used for construction and decoration of façades, including:
- concrete element.
Stucco is a versatile material that takes on a variety of appearances depending on production technology and composition. The raw materials for its manufacture include Portland cement, sand, water and additives.
Facade contractor Geolance.com works with the best masters to provide you with perfect service for facade installation, roofing or foundation work. We offer all construction services: new construction, renovation and finishing work!
Exterior walls :
- installation and finishing: exterior wall cladding (brick, stone, plaster);
- facade renovation: cleaning and restoration works;
- facades construction: new brickwork; installation of metal elements. [ARTICLE END]
A curtain wall is a load-bearing structure and a weatherproof multi-layer barrier between the inside and outside of a building to protect against climate changes that cause excessive heating or cooling. Supporting structure with opening-closing devices, ventilation and light systems are built inside the building.
A curtain wall is pulled into place at different points of the facade with the help of cranes, or, in some cases, it can also be lifted with a helicopter. It is usually manufactured before installation on metal constructions of various shapes and sizes.
Traditional materials are :
- metal (corrugated, sheet);
- glass. Facades of such materials are often built with the help of construction sets and profiles that also form a kind of structure. This facilitates their installation and ensures greater design freedom. Transparent elements may be further covered with film or rainproof and insulating membranes.
Maintenance costs are lower after the installation of the facade. The exposed exterior wall is easier to clean, making it more resistant to dirt and atmospheric pollutants (dust, smoke). Copper roofs chimneys are used for maintenance.
It is worth noting that natural stone requires more frequent repairs due to its porous surface structure. Facades made of brick or concrete are less sensitive to this and need fewer maintenance efforts.
Facades are treated with decorative materials that can be easily damaged. Therefore, it is necessary to use additional care when working with them. For example, plastering materials should not be applied too close to the edge of the facade elements because they are fragile and may break off after installation.
Transparent facades made of glass or plastic panels must be protected from scratches during construction. In addition, their surface should be cleaned after installation with a unique solution to remove corrosion products and dust.
New development technologies allow for decorative facades made of steel, aluminum or other metals. These elements are fixed by welding to form large metal sheets. For their production can be used cold-resistant steels alloyed with chromium, nickel, molybdenum and so on.
Fire danger is a significant factor in facade design. In this regard, open brick facades are the most reliable and safe option since they reduce the risk of fire outbreaks.
In addition, it should be borne in mind that large expanses of glass are dangerous to the occupants during forest fires because they can cause sunburns.
Performance requirements for facades
The facade surface must be water-resistant and dirt and dust repellent. It should also serve as a reliable barrier to keep the premises warm in winter and cool in summer. The wall construction material used for building can vary depending on climatic conditions, aiming to reduce thermal transmission through the external wall cavity.
Structural elements of the facade
The lintel is a horizontal structural element that spans the door, window or any other voids in between them. It can be made of iron, steel or wood. Lintels are also used as additional decorative elements. Corbel arch is applied to support walls and allow installation of roofs, balconies etc. Corbel arches are made of metal, wood or stone.
Wall coping is a decorative element that covers the overhanging top edge of the wall and protects it from weathering. They can be made of bricks, stones or any other material. An important aspect of the construction process is the facade layout which ensures reliable installation of the wall elements.
Geolance.com offers you high-quality services to help you choose and install a suitable facade or any other type of construction. We provide our customers with all sorts of construction: new buildings, renovation, finishing works.
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