Facades Insulation


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Facade insulation is becoming increasingly popular, with several projects focusing on the exterior finishing of buildings using heat-insulating materials. This isn't a modern fad; it's a chance to achieve three benefits. The first is energy efficiency or rational use of energy. The second is a firm promise that utility costs will be reduced (especially if there are meters). Third - an environmental benefit (reducing heat consumption lowers combustion product emissions). In the case of renovations, when choosing the insulating material, it must be taken into account whether it is going to be done from the outside or from the inside and what the main objective of the work is. 

Methods and features of facade insulation

To get the intended result, you must pick the proper technique. Carrying out projects is expected. There are a lot of them, although most countries only have two: A wet facade. This technique is utilized in low-rise construction. It's appropriate for homes and other types of buildings. The procedure involves fastening heater plates with a solution or glue and processing the received surface (usually process plaster over the front grid fixed on leaves). If all of the work is done correctly, thermal insulation and temperature regulation will be assured in the room for a long time.

The term "ventilated facade" refers to a building's façade that is hinged. It may also be known as a collapsible façade. It's also adaptable and appropriate for both residential and commercial construction. Wall insulation combines a cladding material structure, an insulating layer, and a subsystem to which the cladding is attached. The load-bearing walls are insulated first, followed by a layer of treatment (usually different panels) at a distance from them.

Advantages of warming of facades

The following benefits can be achieved by utilizing one of the listed processes for generating warmth outside of walls: Heat savings of 1.5-2 times; Interior climate stabilization; Sound insulation improvements; Attractiveness to the facade improves; Facade protection from rain is provided. In addition, service life expectancy is up to 25 years. External wall insulation and other types of insulation reduce unwanted heat loss and reduce unwanted heat gain. They can significantly decrease the energy demands of heating and cooling systems. However, it must be added, and no material can completely prevent heat losses; heat losses can only be minimized. Insulation Materials As was written, thermal insulation is based on substances with very low thermal conductivity. 

Externally insulated walls significantly reduce energy loss by wrapping the building with a thermally resistant envelope, helping to improve comfort, reduce the energy bill and carbon emission. The facade of the new or existing building can be done with a suitable system. Their high-performance components mean they can meet all common international energy-conservation standards in construction. Whether it's a low-energy house, Passivhaus, or energy-plus building, the energy consumption of modern facilities is a decisive sign of quality. The high-performance range of façade insulation systems allows designers to achieve the highest environmental performance standards without compromising creativity in facade design while conserving energy. 

How to properly insulate the facade

High-quality insulation, regardless of approach - a comprehensive project with many subtleties. You must pick the proper materials (depending on the facade's material), choose the appropriate method, and organize your work promptly. Facade insulation necessitates the involvement of industrial climbers. This is all genuine if you hand over the job to a specialist expert. All energy renovations of façades must improve the insulation of the building without interfering in the life of the building's users or reducing the usable space of the dwellings. This renovation will provide thermal insulation, remove thermal bridges of the enclosure and reinforce the structure of the envelope of the building. There is a wide range of insulation systems, although our choice will also depend on the constructive characteristics, such as the type of wall or the space. When applying insulation, you can opt for different materials: expanded polystyrene, extruded polystyrene, mineral wool, glass wool, cellulose wadding, etc. Application of thermal insulation on the facade with a reinforcing mesh

The thermal insulation is applied in two layers: the first layer is a reinforcement mesh (made of welded steel wires), and the second layer is thermal insulation.

The metal mesh should be laid onto the facade horizontally, and the insulation material (mineral wool, glass wool, cellulose wadding) must be applied vertically. The metal mesh prevents the thermal insulation from falling off the facade.

This system is mainly used to renovate old buildings with no thermal insulation or very thin insulation. In this case, the reinforcement mesh reinforces the insulation and increases its resistance to pressure. The main task of external insulation is to protect the building's envelope against thermal bridges (which cause the most significant heat losses) and mechanical damage, both caused by weather conditions.

Advantages and disadvantages of different types of facade insulation

The most common insulation materials are polystyrene, whether expanded or extruded, mineral wool, phenolic foam, polyurethane foam, and natural fibres.

There are many insulation materials on the market, but the most popular ones for external wall insulation are Mineral Wool.

-Mineral wool is an artificial fibre made from rock or slag fibre.

-It is available as loose-fill, as batt insulation, or as a rigid board.

-Mineral wool can be installed in wall cavities, between rafters and joists, or outside the building sheathing.

-It is available in several forms: fibreglass, rock wool, and slag wool.

-All offer similar thermal performance at a given thickness, but fibreglass can be used where fire resistance is required.

Due to its flexibility, polyurethane adapts to the structure and geometry of the building without reducing the usable space or affecting the life of the interior during installation. On the other hand, it hardly needs any maintenance. In addition, it provides both thermal and acoustic insulation and protects the structure of the building. 

 ETICS external insulation system consists of placing insulating panels directly on the outside of the façade, using adhesives and mechanical fixing. It allows finishes depending on the aesthetics of the building. ETICS is an easy-to-install and economical system. First, the starting profiles are placed before the insulation boards, fixed with adhesive to the substrate. Then, the structure is inserted inside the panels with a particular junction making them adaptable to any type of wall.

Insulation boards are used for insulating exterior walls or roofs, floors, ceilings, etc. - they are available in various thicknesses and types of facing material, depending on the application. They can be cut to size as required on-site.

Do you want your buildings, especially their exteriors, insulated with the right technology and at the best prices?

You may employ the services of expert firms - but be advised that they might charge a significant fee. The ideal solution is to use Geolance's assistance to locate a specialist.

Geolance Ltd. is a company that links customers with providers in various fields such as:

- Heating and air conditioning,

- Refrigeration and cold storage,

- Renewable energy sources,

- Power supply and distribution, and others.

For more information about the services we offer and to place an order for our service, contact us.

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