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Installation of sprinklers at surface areas saves valuable water. It’s a cheap, efficient alternative to water conservation with reduced water prices. These kinds of irrigation systems, however, can be quite complex and require extensive preparation and resources.
An onshore sprinkling system makes it much easier or quicker to water lawns. An automatic sprinkler system also helps maintain an abundantly fertile landscape, but is also more environmentally efficient so water can be saved. However, it's important to understand the process and what is required before you start installing one. With a little bit of planning and careful execution, you can easily install an underground sprinkler system that will keep your yard looking beautiful for years to come.
Geolance is a top-rated irrigation system installation company that has been in business for over 10 years. We are experts in the field and can provide you with a quality irrigation system that will meet your needs. Our systems are designed to save you water and money, so you can rest easy knowing you made a smart investment. Plus, our team of professionals will install your system quickly and efficiently so you can start enjoying its benefits right away.
Facts About Sprinkler Irrigation Installation
- The most common method of watering your lawn is with an underground sprinkler system
- An average-sized residential lawn needs about 1” – 1 ½“ of water per week.
- 1” of water per week is equivalent to 62.5 gallons of water per square foot of lawn.
- The best time to water your lawn is in the early morning hours before the sun comes up.
- If you must water during the day, do so in the late evening hours.
- Watering in the middle of the day will cause a lot of evaporation and very little absorption by your lawn’s roots.
How Does Sprinkler Irrigation System Work
One of your first responsibilities will be to ask your local building department if you need permission to start making your own irrigation system. A person must then contact the relevant authorities prior to digging for a safe way to remove any disturbance to an underground power supply line.
When installing an underground sprinkler irrigation system, you will need to choose the type of sprinkler that will work best for your needs. You will also need to choose the type of sprinkler, the height of the sprinkler, and the distance between each sprinkler. Once you have chosen the type of sprinkler, you will need to mark off the area where your system will be installed. You can use a garden hose to outline the area or you can use spray paint.
A trench is dug, using a shovel or excavator, to the required dimensions which are typically 100 mm wide and 400 mm deep, with a slope of 1 in 50. The PVC pipe or polyethylene pipe should be placed in the bottom of the trench, bedding it on a layer of sand no more than 50 mm deep. The waterproof pipe must be supported at regular intervals (every 2 m for small pipe, every 1 m for larger pipe) by means of clips or brackets. The depth of your trenches will depend on the type of pipe you are using. PVC pipe should be buried at least 18” deep, while polyethylene pipe should be buried at least 24” deep.
Once the trenches are dug, you can install the PVC pipe or polyethylene pipe and then connect the sprinkler head to the lateral lines. The main lines (which connect to the zone valves) are always pressurized; hence you need to take extra precautionary measures against leaks. The valve box needs to be placed in it too. The trench is then backfilled with earth, taking care not to damage the pipe.
Once the piping is installed, you can install the sprinkler heads. The sprinkler should be placed in the trenches so that the top of the head is at ground level. You should also make sure that there is at least 1’ of space between each sprinkler head.
Once the sprinkler is attached, you can connect the piping to the water supply. Make sure that all valves are turned off before you start connecting the piping. A final check should be made to ensure that all fittings are tight and there are no leaks before covering the trench with soil. Any areas which have been disturbed must be reinstated to their original condition. Once everything is connected, you can turn on the water and test your system.
If you have any questions or problems with your system, don't hesitate to call a professional. Sprinkler installation can be a complex process, and it is always best to have a professional do it for you.
If you have an underground sprinkling system, it is best to install it before you put down sod because the sprinkler has to be at ground level, and there has to be enough room for the watering canisters to pop up. You can also bury the tubing below ground where it will be less likely to freeze in winter.
What to Know Before You Install A Sprinkler System
There are many factors to consider when installing an underground sprinkler system.
- The cost of installation will depend on the size of your lawn, the complexity of the design, and whether or not you hire a professional to install it.
- The best time to install an underground sprinkler system is in the fall, before the ground freezes.
- If you live in an area with a lot of clay in the soil, you may need to install a drainage system before you install your sprinkler system.
- You will also need to consider the location of your water source and whether or not you will need to use a booster pump to provide enough pressure to your sprinklers.
Once you have all of these factors figured out, you can then install a sprinkler system.
Tools And Materials Required for Sprinkler Irrigation System Installation
- Tape measure
- Multiple valves
- Sprinkler heads
- Pipe cutter
- PVC glue
- Solvent cement
- Ruler or a straight edge
Types of Sprinkler Heads
Before you install a sprinkler system, you need to pick a sprinkler head. There are many different types of sprinkler heads available, so you will need to choose the ones that best meet your needs.
- Pop-Up Sprinklers
They are easy to maintain and provide even coverage over your lawn.
- Rotary Sprinkler Head
They are the most common type of sprinkler and are best for large areas. The water pressure is evenly distributed throughout the area.
- Pulsating Sprinkler Head
They are ideal for watering flower beds and gardens. Water is sent out in a single jet of stream in a circular pattern.
- Oscillating Sprinkler Head
They provide a high degree of flexibility when watering your lawn. They spray the water out in a fan shape with an optimum level of water pressure.
- Fixed Spray Heads
They are best for watering trees and shrubs. Water is thrown even across the designated area the entire time.
Once you have chosen the type of sprinkler heads you want, you can begin installing your system.
All the sprinklers have their own advantages and disadvantages, so be sure to research each one before you make a decision.
The Do's and Don'ts of a Sprinkler System
There are a few things to keep in mind when installing and using a DIY sprinkler system. Here are a few tips to help you get the most out of your DIY irrigation system:
- Do install your sprinkler system on a day when there is no chance of rain.
- Do avoid the tree roots when using a pipe pulling machine.
- Do make sure the water pressure at your home is enough to support a sprinkler system.
- Do adjust your sprinklers so that they are watering your lawn and plants, not the street or sidewalk.
- Do bury your pipes deep enough so that they are not affected by frost.
- Don't run your sprinklers for more than two hours per day.
- Don't forget to turn off your sprinklers when it rains.
- Don't forget to winterize your sprinkler system before the cold weather hits.
Benefits of Sprinkler System
There are a number of benefits to installing a sprinkler system in your yard. Here are some of the most important ones:
- Saves water
A well-designed sprinkler system can help you save up to 50% on your water bill.
- Saves time and money
With a sprinkler system, you can water your entire lawn in just a few minutes. You can save money as well as time with it.
- Maintains healthy plants
Proper watering is essential for healthy plants. A sprinkler system ensures that your plants get the water they need, when they need it.
- Prevents runoff and erosion
When you water your lawn by hand, much of the water ends up running off the surface and into the street or gutters. A sprinkler system evenly distributes the water, which means less runoff and less erosion.
Cons of Sprinkler System
While there are many benefits to having a sprinkler system, there are also a few potential drawbacks:
- Can be expensive to install
Depending on your needs, a sprinkler system can be expensive to install. However, it may be worth the investment in the long run.
- Requires regular maintenance
A well-maintained sprinkler system will save you time and money in the long run, but it requires regular inspections and occasional repairs.
If you're thinking of installing a sprinkler system in your yard, make sure to do your research first. Understanding the process and what is required can help make the installation go smoother and help ensure that your system works properly for years to come.
Sprinkler Irrigation System Filters
Filters are important components in any irrigation system. They help keep your system flowing smoothly and prevent clogs. There are a few different types of filters you can choose from, so be sure to pick the one that's right for your needs.
- Sand Media Filters
Sand media filters are the most common type of filters used in residential sprinkler systems. They use sand to remove debris from the water.
- Cartridge Filters
Cartridge filters are another common type of filter used in residential sprinkler systems. They use a pleated paper cartridge to remove debris from the water.
- Disc Filters
Disc filters are less common than sand media or cartridge filters, but they are used in commercial sprinkler systems. They use a disc-shaped screen to remove debris from the water.
No matter what type of filter you choose, be sure to keep it clean and free of debris. A clogged filter can cause problems in your irrigation system and may lead to poor water quality.
Common Mistakes When Using a Sprinkler Irrigation System
Installing a sprinkler system is a big investment, so it's important to use it properly. Here are a few common mistakes to avoid when using your system.
- Watering during the heat of the day
The hottest part of the day is usually between 10 am and 4 pm. Watering during this time can cause evaporation and run-off. Water early in the morning or late in the evening to minimize evaporation.
- Not calibrating your sprinklers
It's important to calibrate your sprinklers before you use them. This ensures that they are applying the correct amount of water to your lawn.
- Applying too much water
Applying too much water can runoff and waste. Be sure to calibrate your sprinklers so that they are applying the correct amount of water.
- Not keeping an eye on the weather
It's important to keep an eye on the weather when using a sprinkler system. If it rains, you don't want the water to run off into the street or gutter.
- Turning off the control valve
In case of an emergency, the sprinkler system may fail to function. To avoid this, always make sure that the control valve is left open.
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