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A sprinkler system is a network of pipes and sprinklers that distributes water over an area of land. The sprinklers can be fixed or rotatable, and are usually mounted on walls or poles. Installation of sprinklers at surface areas saves valuable water. It's a cheap, efficient alternative to water conservation with reduced water prices. However, these kinds of irrigation systems can be quite complex and require extensive preparation and resources.
Geolance has a wide variety of sprinkler systems to choose from that are perfect for your home or business. Our sprinkler systems are top-of-the-line and will make sure your plants get the water they need to thrive. We also offer a wide variety of services, so you can be sure that we’ll take care of everything for you. You won’t find a better irrigation company than Geolance. We pride ourselves on our customer service and our dedication to making sure your plants get the water they need.
Types of Sprinkler Systems
There are four different types of sprinkler systems:
· Fixed Area Spray Systems
A fixed area spray system is a type of sprinkler system that distributes water over a fixed area. The water is distributed by spraying it from a number of nozzles located around the edge of a circular or square area.
· Rotary Sprinkler Systems
A rotary sprinkler system is a type of sprinkler system that distributes water over an area by rotating a number of spray heads around a central point. The rotation of the heads causes them to spray water in a circle.
· Gear-Driven Rotary Sprinkler Systems
A gear-driven rotary sprinkler system is a type of sprinkler system that uses a gear to drive the rotation of the spray heads. This type of system is more expensive than a rotary sprinkler system, but it is more efficient and can cover a larger area.
· Oscillating Sprinkler Systems
An oscillating sprinkler system is a type of sprinkler system that distributes water over an area by oscillating a number of spray heads back and forth. The oscillation of the heads causes them to spray water in a rectangular pattern.
Advantages of Sprinkler Systems
The main advantages of sprinkler systems are:
· They are very efficient in terms of water usage.
· They can be used to water large areas.
· They can be used to water small areas.
· They are easy to install.
· They are easy to maintain.
· They are relatively cheap to operate.
· They can be used to irrigate crops.
· They can be used for domestic purposes such as watering lawns and gardens.
Disadvantages of Sprinkler Systems
The main disadvantages of sprinkler systems are:
· They require a lot of initial investment.
· They require regular maintenance and inspection.
· They can be damaged by high winds or other severe weather conditions.
· They can be a fire hazard if not properly maintained.
· They can waste water if not properly used.
Types of Sprinkler Heads
Before you install a sprinkler system, you need to pick a sprinkler head. There are many different types of sprinkler heads available, so you will need to choose the ones that best meet your needs.
· Pop-Up Sprinklers
They are easy to maintain and provide even coverage over your lawn. They spray water over a whole area the entire time they are turned on.
· Oscillating Sprinkler Head
They provide a high degree of flexibility when watering your lawn. They spray the water out in a fan shape with an optimum level of water pressure.
· Pulsating Sprinkler Head
They are ideal for watering flower beds and gardens. Water is sent out in a single jet of stream
· Fixed Spray Heads
They are best for watering trees and shrubs. Water is thrown even across the designated area the entire time.
· Rotary Sprinkler Head
They are the most common type of sprinkler and are best for large areas. The water pressure is evenly distributed throughout the area.
Once you have chosen the type of sprinkler heads you want, you can begin installing your system. All the sprinklers have their own advantages and disadvantages, so be sure to research each one before you make a decision.
How Sprinkler System Operates
When installing an underground sprinkler irrigation system, you will need to choose the type of sprinkler that will work best for your needs. You will also need to choose the type of sprinkler, the height of the sprinkler, and the distance between each sprinkler. Once you have chosen the type of sprinkler, you will need to mark off the area where your system will be installed. You can use a garden hose to outline the area, or you can use spray paint.
Using a shovel or excavator, a trench is dug to the required dimensions, which are typically 100 mm wide and 400 mm deep, with a slope of 1 in 50. The PVC pipe or polyethylene pipe should be placed in the bottom of the trench, bedding it on a layer of sand no more than 50 mm deep. The waterproof pipe must be supported at regular intervals (every 2 m for small pipe, every 1 m for larger pipe) by means of clips or brackets. The depth of your trenches will depend on the type of pipe you are using. PVC pipe should be buried at least 18" deep, while polyethylene pipe should be buried at least 24" deep.
Once the trenches are dug, you can install the PVC pipe or polyethylene pipe and then connect the sprinkler head to the lateral lines. The main lines (which connect to the zone valves) are always pressurized; hence you need to take extra precautionary measures against leaks. The valve box needs to be placed in it too. The trench is then backfilled with earth, taking care not to damage the pipe.
Once the piping is installed, you can install the sprinkler heads. The sprinkler should be placed in the trenches so that the top of the head is at ground level. You should also make sure that there is at least 1' of space between each sprinkler head.
Once the sprinkler is attached, you can connect the piping to the water supply. Make sure that all of the valves are turned off before you start connecting the piping. A final check should be made to ensure that all fittings are tight and there are no leaks before covering the trench with soil. Any areas which have been disturbed must be reinstated to their original condition. Once everything is connected, you can turn on the water and test your system.
If you have an underground sprinkling system, it is best to install it before you put down sod because the sprinkler has to be at ground level, and there has to be enough room for the watering canisters to pop up. You can also bury the tubing below ground where it will be less likely to freeze in winter.
If you have any questions or problems with your system, don't hesitate to call a professional. Sprinkler installation can be a complex process, and it is always best to have a professional do it for you.
What to Know Before You Install a Sprinkler System?
There are many factors to consider when installing an underground sprinkler system. The best time to install an underground sprinkler system is in the fall, before the ground freezes. You will also need to consider the location of your water source and whether or not you will need to use a booster pump to provide enough pressure to your sprinklers. The installation cost will depend on the size of your lawn, the complexity of the design, and whether or not you hire a professional to install it. If you live in an area with a lot of clay in the soil, you may need to install a drainage system before you install your sprinkler system.
Tips for Owning a Sprinkler System
There are a few things to keep in mind when you own a DIY sprinkler system. Here are a few tips to help you get the most out of it.
· Install your sprinkler system on a day when there is no chance of rain.
· Avoid the tree roots when using a pipe pulling machine.
· Make sure the water pressure at your home is enough to support a sprinkler system.
· Adjust your sprinklers so that they are watering your lawn and plants, not the street or sidewalk.
· Bury your pipes deep enough so that they are not affected by frost.
· Don't run your sprinklers for more than two hours per day.
· Don't forget to turn off your sprinklers when it rains.
· Don't forget to winterize your sprinkler system before the cold weather hits.
Sprinkler Irrigation System Filters
Filters are important components in any irrigation system. They help keep your system flowing smoothly and prevent clogs. There are a few different types of filters you can choose from, so be sure to pick the one that's right for your needs.
· Sand Media Filters
Sand media filters are the most common type of filters used in residential sprinkler systems. They use sand to remove debris from the water.
· Cartridge Filters
Cartridge filters are another common type of filter used in residential sprinkler systems. They use a pleated paper cartridge to remove debris from the water.
· Disc Filters
Disc filters are less common than sand media or cartridge filters, but they are used in commercial sprinkler systems. They use a disc-shaped screen to remove debris from the water.
No matter what type of filter you choose, be sure to keep it clean and free of debris. A clogged filter can cause problems in your irrigation system and may lead to poor water quality.
Common Mistakes When Using a Sprinkler System
Installing a sprinkler system is a big investment, so it's important to use it properly. Here are a few common mistakes to avoid when using your system:
· Applying too much water
If you apply too much water, you can likely cause runoffs and wastes. You need to ensure your sprinklers are calibrated so that they are applying the correct amount of water.
· Watering during the heat of the day
The hottest part of the day is usually between 10 am and 4 pm. Watering during this time can cause evaporation and runoff. Water early in the morning or late in the evening to minimize evaporation.
· Not keeping an eye on the weather
It's important to keep an eye on the weather when using a sprinkler system. If it rains, you don't want the water to run off into the street or gutter.
· Not calibrating your sprinklers
It's important to calibrate your sprinklers before you use them. This ensures that they are applying the correct amount of water to your lawn.
· Turning off the control valve
In case of an emergency, the sprinkler system may fail to function. To avoid this, always make sure that the control valve is left open.
Requirements for Sprinkler Irrigation Installation
One of your first responsibilities will be to ask your local building department if you need permission to start making your own DIY irrigation system. A person must then contact the relevant authorities prior to digging for a safe way to remove any disturbance to an underground power supply line.
The installation of a reliable water supply is necessary, as well as making sure the pressure is strong enough to support the sprinkler heads. Most systems operate with a pressure between 40 and 80 psi, anything less may not be adequate. After the new sprinkler system is installed, it will need to be winterized and taken down every year before cold weather hits. If you don't live in an area that sees cold winters, your system might not require this type of maintenance.
If you're interested in having your own sprinkler system on your property, make sure to research your options and understand what's involved. Knowing what's required can help make the process go smoothly and ensure that your system is installed correctly.
Post a Project for Geolance Today!
Looking for a professional to help you with your sprinkler system installation? Geolance can help. We have a team of experienced professionals who can take care of everything for you. Post your project for us and we will get in touch with you as soon as possible.
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